For some time, there has been a need for new and local research into the impact of After School Programmes (ASPs) on learners’ education outcomes. We now bring the After School Investment Case, a report that outlines the return on investments into programmes serving learners in lower quintiles. As a backdrop, the report demonstrates how South Africa’s socio-economic divide has long challenged learner access to equal and holistic education, especially in quintile 1-3 schools. The report provides a comprehensive compilation of the latest research and case studies to illustrate the role of ASPs as a key intervention to address inequalities in education. In this regard, a strong case is made for resource allocation and investment into ASPs to achieve higher education outcomes in a significantly shorter time and at a much lower cost than current state expenditure.